- What is STD disease?
- STD symptoms in women
- STD symptoms in men
- List of antibiotics for STDs. STD medication
- What is Clap STD (Gonorrhea)?
- Prevention of STDs
- Do condoms prevent STDs?
- STD medication online. Where to buy STD pills?
- Best antibiotic for STD
- Can STD symptoms appear the next day?
- Zithromax (Azithromycin) 500mg for STD. Treatment, dosage
What is STD disease?
Despite a common opinion, sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are transmitted not only during genital, anal, or oral sexual intercourse. It is a group of the infectious diseases that may be transmitted from an infected partner through household contact.
It was considered till 1980 that STD included diseases that were sexually transmitted. But due to the development of the medicine, new types of the bacterial infection that are added to STD have been detected.
At first, a group of the sexually transmitted diseases contained just 2 diseases: syphilis and gonorrhea. Now, the STD includes more than 10 different infections that may be classified by the origin.
- Infections of bacterial origin: gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, soft chancre, granuloma, gardnerella, hepatitis B and C;
- Infections of the viral origin: HIV/AIDs, papillomavirus (HPV), herpes simplex virus, genital warts (condyloma), contagiosum epitheliale;
- Infections of fungal origin: candidiasis.
Trichomoniasis should be separately distinguished, it is the most common infectious disease of the urinary tract. It is not only the most common but also the most dangerous diseases. About 150 million new cases are registered every year. The disease may be asymptomatic and cause infertility, chronic urethritis, and other complications.
Bacteria causing the sexually-transmitted diseases are the most virulent, and to get infected, it is enough for pathogenic organisms to reach the mucous membrane of a healthy person. It may be a mucosa of genitals, mouth cavity, and rectum.
STD symptoms in women
In the vast majority, women are carrier of the chronic infection. The disease often is not manifested after the infection within a long period, so that bacteria completely inhibit the healthy microflora of the genitals.
The aggravation of the STD may happen in two cases during the chronic course:
- Decrease in immunity during pregnancy, acute viral infection, and others.
- An addition of another or several infections to the current one as a result of the unprotected sexual intercourse, or house contact with an infected person.
The asymptomatic course of the STD in women is peculiar for some pathologies: ureaplasmosis, candidiasis, vaginitis, and some other infectious diseases. But there are also diseases that are manifested within 1-2 weeks after the infection. For example, trichomoniasis or gardnerellosis. A bad smell, profuse discharges from genitals appear during these conditions.
The existence of the chronic infection of women may be detected by other symptoms:
- Disorder of the menstrual cycle: late periods, or premature beginning of the menstruation;
- Excessively painful periods;
- Aggravation of cystitis or pyelonephritis.
If we consider an acute course of the sexually-transmitted diseases, we can distinguish the evidence in women:
- Painful and unpleasant sensations during the sexual intercourse;
- Itching and burning in the genitals;
- Pain and discomfort below woman’s waist;
- Pathological discharges with peculiar yellow or grey color and a bad smell.
Note that the amount of the discharges cannot be called as a determinant factor of the infectious process. For instance, in case of the high concentration of estrogens, the discharges are more massive compared to women with a low estrogen level. A concentration of the hormones may regularly vary, so that an amount of the discharges is changed.
Also, as a result of the development of the bacterial or fungal infection, a woman may have the aggravation of the hidden viral infections: genital herpes virus, or pointed condyloma. Their development states a decrease in immunity and an increase of the pathogenic organisms in the genitals.
STD symptoms in men
Men are seldom carriers of the chronic infection than women because of the physiological peculiarities. However, STD in men is manifested not at once and may latent within a long period.
A man may not even experience the presence of any infection till the affection of the urinary system becomes vast or the immunity drops. But there are still some symptoms that determine the STD in men:
- Cutting and pain during urination;
- Fake or frequent desire to urinate;
- Itchy genitals;
- Development of rash or redness of glans penis and foreskin;
- Discharges from the urinary tract;
- Discomfort or pain during sex.
A peculiarity of the male body is that some types of the infection such as candidiasis, gardnerellosis, may be latent because the body copes with the symptoms.
For example, a man may have rash, redness and itching on the glans penis that pass within 3-5 days. The immunity defeats the infection agents which are not peculiar for the male body. If the vaginal flora contains Candida and Gardnerella vaginalis, it will be pathogenic for a man. Due to this, the symptoms are blurred, and men do not rush to see a doctor.
A specific symptom of the STD in men is a premature ejaculation. Due to the active bacteria, a sensitivity of the glans penis is affected. If the general symptoms of the STD do not cause any concern or pass lightly, a decrease of the duration of the sexual intercourse should put you on guard.
The sexually transmitted diseases may induce an infection of the seminal fluid. The common tests taken in the laboratories do not show the presence of an infection. Men often have a bad fertility during the STD, and conceiving a baby is problematic. In order to detect an infection in the sperm, it is necessary to take semen analysis and a bacterial test of sperm.
List of antibiotics for STDs. STD medication
It is rather difficult to select a proper medication for the treatment of the STD without having the laboratory test results and without knowing an infection agent. So, first off, it is necessary to wait for the results and then buy antibiotics.
To treat STD, it is better to take antibiotics with the broad action that can block the activity of several causative agents at once. This will give a possibility to prevent the relapse of an infection.
Just several antibiotics may be called as universal for STDs:
- Zithromax (Azithromycin);
The rest of medications affect only certain agent or are taken in combination with other medications in order to enhance the pharmacological action. It is necessary to know that antibiotics do not always resist an infection, especially if it proceeds with candidiasis. Therefore, antifungal medications are usually prescribed in combination with the antibacterial therapy.
The most popular antibiotics for the STD at a glance
They do not normally have side effects, provide a fast action and are used when other antibiotics are ineffective. The best representatives of the macrolide class are Zithromax (Azithromycin) and Erythromycin. It will do to treat urethritis, gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, gardnerellosis, and others.
Doxycycline antibiotic is one of the representatives. It has many side effects, and therefore it is seldom prescribed during the STD. But sometimes it is the only effective product to kill bacteria. It is effective in the treatment of Treponema Pallidum and chlamydia.
They are effective as to gonococci infection (gonorrhea), urogenital chlamydia. Ciprofloxacin is often added to the prolonged combined therapy because it differs by a stable pharmacological action and a low toxicity during the long-term therapy.
These are the most primary class of the antibiotics compared to penicillin because they are resistant to the action of beta-lactamase. They are used for the treatment of any types of gonorrhea and syphilis. The best representatives of the class are Cefuroxime and Cephalexin.
Metronidazole should be separately distinguished because it is an irreplaceable medication in the treatment of the STD. This antibiotic has a good activity as to the causative agents of trichomoniasis. It is often used in the complex antibacterial therapy when trichomoniasis appears with chlamydia or gardnerella.
What is Clap STD (Gonorrhea)?
WHO has represented an official news release stating information about the increased resistance of gonorrhea to the action of the antibiotics. Today this sexually-transmitted disease is one of the most common and dangerous for the population.
Clap STD (Gonorrhea) is an infectious sexually-transmitted disease. The mucus of the genitals is affected during gonorrhea, and if the precautions are not followed, the mucus of rectum, conjunctiva, and oral pharynx may be affected. But unlike the common inflammatory reactions, gonorrhea is accompanied with suppuration and purulent discharges. The purulent inflammation quickly progresses, induces a severe and sharp pain both during the sexual intercourse, and during urination.
In case of the acute course of Clap STD (Gonorrhea), the symptoms aggravate and the disease induces high body temperature, nausea, acute pain during defecation.
The gonorrhea symptoms are lighter in women than in men. When a man gets infected, he has an acute urethritis, and every urination is accompanied with a severe pain. The mucus of the urinary tract may become inflamed and slow the urine outflow.
In 90% of cases, Clap STD (Gonorrhea) is transmitted during the sexual intercourse (genital, oral, and anal). It is enough to contact a carrier of gonorrhea, and so a healthy patient joins the group of the carriers. The disease is manifested within 10 days. The first symptoms appear in 3-7 days in men.
Moreover, the first symptoms of gonorrhea may differ depending on a site of the infection. For example, if infection gets through the oral area, the first symptoms will resemble the purulent sore throat. If the infection gets the rectal area, the rectum is infected, and then the genitals will be infected too.
According to the WHO, about 80 million new cases of Clap STD (Gonorrhea) infection are diagnosed every year. But the greatest danger is another. If the treatment is not started within 2-3 months after the development of the acute gonorrhea, the disease becomes chronic. The chronic gonorrhea induces the adnexal affection in women – ovaries and fallopian tubes, and this may lead to an infertility. In men, the neglected gonorrhea also leads to infertility. Also, in case of the chronic stage of the disease, the rest zones of the mucus are at risk too.
The second danger consists in the fact that Clap STD (Gonorrhea) is one of the oldest sexually-transmitted diseases. It is even mentioned in Bible. The pathogenic organisms have mutated within the entire period, and it gets used to the action of the new antibiotics. Today, gonorrhea does not react to 80% of the existed antibiotics. In 2017-2019, gonorrhea strains have been detected in some countries that had a resistance to 99% of the antibiotics. This fact causes serious concerns among scientists, and so the treatment of gonorrhea gets a special attention.
The main task of people is to learn to detect the first signs of Gonorrhea and understand how to treat it.
Prevention of STDs
According to the official statistics of the WHO, more than 50% of population who is sexually active have faced the STDs.
The spreading of the infection begins since 1990 and continues to grow despite the development of the medicine. The current generation of people have a free attitude to the intimacy, and many people neglect the precautions and methods of the safety.
Everybody has heard the phrase: it is better to prevent the disease than to treat it. And today the medicine offers many methods to prevent the sexual transmitted diseases. However, none of them gives 100% guarantee.
For instance, a condom may be torn or come down from the penis. But even if the condom is used correctly, it does not prevent the contact to a skin of the partner and does not bring a risk of the infection to nothing.
So, the main way to prevent the sexually-transmitted diseases is a responsible attitude to your health and a health of your partner.
- Follow a personal hygiene;
- Correct and regular contraception;
- Application of the local bactericidal products after the unprotected sexual intercourses;
- Regular visit of gynecologist or urologist;
- Avoiding promiscuous sexual behavior;
- HPV and hepatitis B vaccination.
It is also important to treat the sexually-transmitted diseases at early stages. If you had the unprotected sexual intercourse and you are not confident in your partner, it is necessary to see a gynecologist/urologist. Go to a doctor not later than in 5 days after the sexual intercourse. Most diseases do not manifest within 5 days but it is possible to have the preventive antibiotic therapy and reduce a risk of the disease development. Do not self-treat and do not take the preventive antibiotic therapy at home, without doctor’s supervision.
- First, you cannot detect a causative agent of an infection and do not know what antibiotic to take.
- Secondly, the uncontrolled use of the antibiotics may cause a development of the resistance of the pathogenic organisms.
To detect the causative agents of the STD, some highly sensitive diagnostics by means of the polymerase chain reaction is done. To detect a sensitivity to the antibiotics, the classic culture of organisms is taken. Then it is clear what drug to take for the prophylaxis, and what drug will be ineffective.
Do condoms prevent STDs?
It is believed that to prevent the sexually-transmitted diseases it is enough to use condom during the sexual intercourse. However, an opinion of scientists is divided.
According to the only large-scale study of the American scientists of the health institute (USA) conducted in 1998-2000, it has been proved that HIV infection is not transmitted during the correct use of a condom. Indeed, the sexual intercourse with the condom is protected against HIV but not in 100% of cases.
It is conditioned by a structure and peculiarities of latex of the condom. Latex may stretch due to micropores that reach 5 microns in diameter. Viruses may transfer through these pores. However, a risk of the transmission is reduced by 60-70%. There are many factors that affect a chance of the HIV transmission. However, HIV is just one of the diseases that belongs to the group of the STD.
The condom does not protect against infections the site of which is located outside the protection of the condom. These are genital herpes, syphilis, pointed condyloma, pediculosis pubis, and soft chancre.
Indeed, the efficacy of the condoms during the abovementioned diseases is not more than 40-50%. This percentage is observed only if the following conditions are followed:
- Condom helps if it is used correctly.
- Condom should be used before the beginning of the sexual intercourse.
- Make sure in the integrity and absence of micro cracks on a condom.
- Use a correct lubrication that does not corrode latex and does not cause a break of the condom.
As you see, there are many nuances when the efficacy of the protection may be dropped. The WHO specialists recommend to take off the condom later on than men usually do. Take off the condom only after having hygienic procedures and when biological liquids of a partner have been removed from the surface of the condom.
Moreover, the sexually transmitted infections may be transferred during oral sex and even kisses, and so a role of the condoms in the prevention of the STD is exaggerated. But do not forget that there are diseases that are not transmitted during sex, if the condom is used. These are candidiasis, gardnerellosis, and trichomonas.
Coming to a conclusion, we would like to say that the condom does not give 100% guarantee against the infection with STDs, but its application is obligatory in order to lower the risks.
STD medication online. Where to buy STD pills?
Every person having the active sexual life should have STD pills in the medicine box in order to start the therapy or prevention of the infectious diseases in time. The therapy should be started before having the test results during the common diseases (especially if you already know the symptoms or you have a chronic type of the STD). In this case, you use the time on visiting a doctor and do not wait for a prescription.
Any medication for the STD is for sale by prescription in the pharmacy regardless of a disease you have. Antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral medications are controlled by FDA, and if you go to a pharmacy without a prescription, a pharmacist will not sell this medication. As you know, a line to visit a doctor may take 2-3 weeks. So, to save time, we recommend you to rely on STD pills in the online pharmacies.
An essential aspect of appeal to online pharmacies is a speed of getting STD medications. You can place an order at any time, and it will be delivered to your address within several days. As STD medications online are for sale without prescription, one can order antibiotics with broad action beforehand and they will help in situations of extreme urgency.
However, a speed of giving medications is not the only advantage of purchases of STD online. A low cost of medical products offered on the internet becomes the basic factor of a competitive ability on the pharmaceutical market. Even if you have a prescription and want to buy STD medications in the city pharmacy, you will have to have a big sum of money.
For example, a pack of Zithromax 500 mg with 6 tablets will cost at least $400. Buying the same number of tablets Zithromax 500 mg on the internet, you will spend $40. The difference in price is huge!!!
And now, just imagine that you will have a long-term course of treatment of syphilis or chlamydia. Buying STD medication online will give you a chance to save money.
Buy STD pills from any manufacturer and in any quantity in the online pharmacy. A choice of antibiotics and antifungal medications is broader in any online pharmacy than in the pharmacies in your city.
STD medication online is supplied from different worldwide manufacturers. The city pharmacy chains have to cooperate with a restricted number of vendors.
Best antibiotic for STD
If you choose the best antibiotic for STD treatment, pay attention to two essential factors:
- Antibiotic should have a broad action.
- Antibiotic should be new.
The matter is that many people self-treat STD and take antibiotics without consulting a doctor. Due to this, they buy first available cheap antibiotic. As a rule, cheap antibiotics are out of date and are not able to actively act on the infectious invaders. There are diseases that regularly mutate. The activators of the STDs mutate fast and are not responsive to out of date antibiotics. So, if you want to buy the best antibiotic to treat the STDs, choose either Zithromax (Azithromycin), or Cephalosporin drugs.
According to doctors, Zithromax (Azithromycin), is now a product #1 because it meets all requirements:
- It shows a broad action and is active as to gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
- It belongs to a group of the modern antibiotics macrolides.
But one cannot call Zithromax (Azithromycin) as the only effective drug for the STD. Cephalexin and Cefuroxime can be distinguished among the best antibiotics. These antibiotics belong to one group and have similar properties. They are not worse than Zithromax (Azithromycin) as to the therapeutic activity but they are less trending nowadays.
Bear in mind that the best antibiotic during STD is the one that has appeared the late. Bacteria do not have a resistance to it, and it means that bacteria are vulnerable to the action of the drug, and you will be able to treat infection as soon as possible.
Can STD symptoms appear the next day?
Every sexually-transmitted disease has a different incubation. So, if you had the unprotected sexual intercourse, and you did not feel the disease the next day, it does not mean that you are not infected.
There is another important moment. Many diseases such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and genital herpes may be asymptomatic within a long period. But if a person has a bad immunity or there are irritating agents, the disease symptoms may happen the next day, or in a couple of hours.
For instance, the first symptoms of gonorrhea may happen the next morning after the unprotected sex. The symptoms of candidiasis may also appear the next day after the sexual intercourse. A man can have itching and redness on the glans penis. But most sexually-transmitted diseases have an incubation within 1 to 6 weeks.
There is an exception for two diseases:
- Genital herpes: the symptoms may happen even in several months or several years (however, there are cases when the symptoms have been manifested in 2 days after the sexual intercourse);
- HIV: an incubation is several years.
It is believed that the faster the STD symptoms appear, the better it is. So, infections that may be treated quickly are less dangerous. Following the symptoms after the sexual intercourse is very important in the medicine. The first symptoms of HIV may happen in 2-3 weeks in the form of a common fever. Many ignore this stage and do not have a medical examination. In a couple of months or years, they find out that they have a dangerous viral disease. So, do not wait that the STD symptoms appear the next day. Be attentive and follow your health.
Zithromax (Azithromycin) 500mg for STD. Treatment, dosage
As we have said, Zithromax (Azithromycin) is one of the best antibiotics to treat STD.
It is supplied to the market under the brand name Zithromax 250/500 mg. Azithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic that has a good acid resistance and a high bioavailability during the oral use. But this is not the feature that makes it the best antimicrobial medication.
The matter is that scientists have admitted that the scheme of the one-time use of the loading dose of the antibiotic during the STD is one of the best. This scheme of the therapy neutralizes the pathogenic microorganisms in 1-2 days, lowers the symptoms of the disease the first day and reduces a risk of the resistance development. Comparing more than 8 popular antibiotics, scientists have made a conclusion that Zithromax (Azithromycin) is the most effective medication in this scheme.
The loading dose of Zithromax (Azithromycin) 1000 mg gives the fast effect and does not induce the side effects.
- A scheme of the single dose is used in the treatment of chlamydia, gonorrhea, ureaplasma, and gardnerellosis.
- A patient should be given 2 tablets Zithromax 500 mg as a single dose.
The treatment takes a day. The symptoms usually pass within 3 days. If the STD symptoms are kept in a week, this scheme of the therapy is repeated. It has been proved that this scheme of the use of Azithromycin is effective than taking Doxycycline and Erythromycin within 7 days.
But there is a classical scheme of the use of Zithromax in the treatment of the sexually-transmitted diseases:
- 1 tablet Zithromax 500 mg is taken 2-3 times a day within 3-5 days.
- The tablets are taken regardless of meals with the same span of time.